Journey of St. Joan Antida Thouret

by | May 21, 2023 | Formation

The story of St. Joan Antida Thouret (also known as Jeanne Antide Thouret (in French), and Giovanna Antida Thouret (in Italian), is a great inspiration for us as Vincentians: basically “Don’t give up just because things seem to be going badly.” It is amazing to read all that she went through, in living out her vocation.


The many challenges faced by St. Joan Antida on her journey

thouret-2aShe was the fifth child of a family of eight. When she was just 15 years old, her mother died leaving her with the responsibility of maintaining the household.

At 22 she left her home and joined the Daughters of Charity, but when the French Revolution was at its height, all religious congregations were banned and she was forced to leave them.

It is said that during the Revolution she walked the streets of Paris carrying the vestments needed for the secret celebration of Mass, hidden in a backpack.

During these dangerous times she also taught children, helped priests who were forced to hide, and gathered Christians in prayer.

She fled France and escaped to Switzerland to join a different religious itinerant community where she cared for the sick. With them she traveled across Switzerland and Germany, in frightful conditions (two years of wandering).

She was often opposed or prevented from caring for the sick, and many were dying for lack of basic care. So she decided to leave this community because she could not “accept the stupidity of those persons who do not want to understand that the service of God and his love are inseparable from those of the neighbor….”

When she decided to return to France she did so on foot, alone, without a passport, and through unknown places at the risk of her own life.

After her return to France she opened a school, a dispensary, and a soup kitchen for the poor in Besançon. She had founded a new congregation. But When she sought approval of her Statutes by the Minister of Religious Affairs, she was accused of stealing the name of the Daughters of Charity in Paris. She had to defend herself, writing “Providence made use of me to form a society of good young women according to the Rule of St Vincent de Paul. We never claimed that we were taking for ourselves the name of Daughters of Charity.”

thouret-2In 1810 Joan Antida was called to Naples, where she and a group of sisters were faced with working in a very hierarchical social system where the wealthy never encountered the poor. She was in charge of the Hospital of the Incurables, the largest hospital in the city. The sisters often visited the poor and sick in their homes.

When Pope Pius VII officially approved her order in 1819, there were more problems. The Archbishop of Besançon refused to accept a Vatican decision placing houses of the order under their local bishop, rather than under his authority. He was furious and refused to let Sr. Joan into the motherhouse in Besançon or to allow the French sisters to communicate with members of the order in other countries. This caused her personal suffering.

Today a statue of this daughter of St. Vincent stands in St. Peter’s Basilica, along with other founders. Her sisters are spread throughout the world in twenty-seven different countries.

In 1932, the sisters came to the United States to help Italian immigrants in Milwaukee, where they still operate St. Joan Antida High School.

May 23, the day St. Joan was beatified, is celebrated as her feast day; but it is commemorated by some on August 24, the day she died in 1826.

Printable 5-page biography of St. Joan Antida

The English translation is a little rough at times but the information is very good and has lots of photos that help tell the story. You can click on the “full screen” symbol at the lower right (four arrows) to enlarge it. Click on the red button below the presentation to download it as a PDF file.

Note: this biography comes from the website of the Sisters of Charity of St. Jeanne Antide Thouret at It is also available there in French, Italian, and Spanish.

Click to Download PDF

St. Joan Antida – A Timeline


1765 – Jeanne Antide-Thouret born in France

1787 – Joins Daughters of Charity

1794 – Returns to her native country because of the revolution

1795 – Departs on the roads of exile across Europe with the solitaires of Father Receveur

1797 – Arrives in Switzerland but returns to France on demand of the exiled priests of Besançon

1799 – Begins a free school for girls and a soup kitchen for the poor at Besançon

1802 – Draws up the Rule of Life and Jeanne and sisters arrive at Bellevaux prison in France

1807 – Rule of Life approved by the Archbishop and community officially known as the Sisters of Charity of Besançon

1810 – Arrives in Naples to take charge of a hospital of incurables, care for people at home, and educate young children

1819 – Constitutions approved by Pope Pius VII, who gives Community official name of Daughters of Charity under the protection of St. Vincent de Paul

1821 – Jeanne Antide returns to France. Many difficulties exist between her and the Archbishop of Besançon

1823 – Jeanne Antide returns to Naples

1826 – Jeanne Antide dies in Naples

1934 – Jeanne Antide proclaimed a saint by Pope Pius XI